Topic: Women writers

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๐Ÿ”— Katรณ Lomb

๐Ÿ”— Biography ๐Ÿ”— Hungary ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Translation studies

Katรณ Lomb (Pรฉcs, February 8, 1909 โ€“ Budapest, June 9, 2003) was a Hungarian interpreter, translator and one of the first simultaneous interpreters in the world. Originally she graduated in physics and chemistry, but her interest soon led her to languages. Native in Hungarian, she was able to interpret fluently in nine or ten languages (in four of them even without preparation), and she translated technical literature and read belles-lettres in six languages.She was able to understand journalism in further eleven languages. As she put it, altogether she earned money with sixteen languages (Bulgarian, Chinese, Danish, English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Ukrainian). She learned these languages mostly by self-effort, as an autodidact. Her aims to acquire these languages were most of all practical, to satisfy her interest.

According to her own account, her long life was highlighted not primarily by the command of languages but the actual study of them. Through her books, published in Hungarian in several editions as well as in some other languages, interviews (in print and on the air) and conversations, she tried to share this joy with generations. As an interpreter, she visited five continents, saw forty countries, and reported about her experiences and adventures in a separate book (Egy tolmรกcs a vilรกg kรถrรผl, "An interpreter around the world").

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๐Ÿ”— The Mummy!

๐Ÿ”— Computing ๐Ÿ”— Africa ๐Ÿ”— Ancient Egypt ๐Ÿ”— Novels ๐Ÿ”— Novels/Science fiction ๐Ÿ”— Science Fiction ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Egypt

The Mummy! A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century is an 1827 three-volume novel written by Jane Webb (later Jane C. Loudon). It concerns the Egyptian mummy of Cheops, who is brought back to life in the year 2126. The novel describes a future filled with advanced technology, and was the first English-language story to feature a reanimated mummy.

After her father's death, making her an orphan at the age of 17, Webb found that:

on the winding up of his affairs that it would be necessary to do something for my support. I had written a strange, wild novel, called the Mummy, in which I had laid the scene in the twenty-second century, and attempted to predict the state of improvement to which this country might possibly arrive.

She may have drawn inspiration from the general fashion for anything pharaonic, inspired by the French researches during the Napoleonic invasion of Egypt; the 1821 public unwrappings of Egyptian mummies in a theatre near Piccadilly, which she may have attended as a girl; and, very likely, the 1818 novel by Mary Shelley, Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. As Shelley had written of Frankenstein's creation, "A mummy again endued with animation could not be so hideous as that wretch," which may have triggered her later concept. In any case, at many points she deals in greater clarity with elements from the earlier book such as the loathing for the much-desired object and the immediate arrest for crime and attempt to lie one's way out of it. However, unlike the Frankenstein monster, the hideous revived Cheops is not shuffling around dealing out horror and death, but giving canny advice on politics and life to those who befriend him. In some ways The Mummy! may be seen as her reaction to themes in Frankenstein: her mummy specifically says he is allowed life only by divine favour, rather than being indisputably vivified only by mortal science, and so on, as Hopkins' 2003 essay covers in detail.

Unlike many early science fiction works (Shelley's The Last Man, and The Reign of King George VI, 1900โ€“1925, written anonymously in 1763), Loudon did not portray the future as her own day with only political changes. She filled her world with foreseeable changes in technology, society, and even fashion. The hero, Edric Montague, lived in a peaceful and Catholic England under the rule of Queen Claudia. Her court ladies wear trousers and hair ornaments of controlled flame. Surgeons and lawyers may be steam-powered automatons. Air travel, by balloon, is commonplace. A kind of Internet is predicted in it. Besides trying to account for the revivification of the mummy in scientific termsโ€”galvanic shock rather than incantationsโ€”"she embodied ideas of scientific progress and discovery, that now read like prophecies" to those later in the 19th century. Many of the incidents in the book can be seen as satirical or humorous. Her social attitudes have resulted in this book being ranked among feminist novels.

The Mummy!: Or a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century was published anonymously in 1827 by Henry Colburn in three volumes, as was usual in that day so that each small volume could be easily carried around. It drew many favourable reviews, including one in 1829 in The Gardener's Magazine on the inventions proposed in it. In 1830, the 46-year-old reviewer, John Claudius Loudon, sought out the 22-year-old Webb, and they married the next year.

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๐Ÿ”— Beatrice the Sixteenth

๐Ÿ”— Novels ๐Ÿ”— Books ๐Ÿ”— Science Fiction ๐Ÿ”— LGBT studies ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Gender Studies ๐Ÿ”— Feminism

Beatrice the Sixteenth: Being the Personal Narrative of Mary Hatherley, M.B., Explorer and Geographer is a 1909 feminist utopian novel by the English transgender lawyer and writer Irene Clyde, about a time traveller who discovers a lost world, which is an egalitarian postgender society.

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๐Ÿ”— The Last Man

๐Ÿ”— Novels ๐Ÿ”— Novels/19th century ๐Ÿ”— Novels/Science fiction ๐Ÿ”— Women writers

The Last Man is an apocalyptic, dystopian science fiction novel by Mary Shelley, first published in 1826. The narrative concerns Europe in the late 21st century, ravaged by a mysterious plague pandemic that rapidly sweeps across the entire globe, ultimately resulting in the near-extinction of humanity. It also includes discussion of the British state as a republic, for which Shelley sat in meetings of the House of Commons to gain insight to the governmental system of the Romantic era. The novel includes many fictive allusions to her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley, who drowned in a shipwreck four years before the book's publication, as well as their close friend Lord Byron, who had died two years previously.

The Last Man is one of the first pieces of dystopian fiction published. It was critically savaged and remained largely obscure at the time of its publication. It was not until the 1960s that the novel resurfaced for the public.

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๐Ÿ”— Barbara Newhall Follett

๐Ÿ”— Biography ๐Ÿ”— Literature ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Biography/arts and entertainment

Barbara Newhall Follett (March 4, 1914 โ€“ disappeared December 7, 1939) was an American child prodigy novelist. Her first novel, The House Without Windows, was published in January 1927, when she was twelve years old. Her next novel, The Voyage of the Norman D.w, received critical acclaim when she was fourteen.

In December 1939, aged 25, Follett reportedly became depressed with her marriage and walked out of her apartment, never to be seen again.

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๐Ÿ”— Phillis Wheatley

๐Ÿ”— United States ๐Ÿ”— Biography ๐Ÿ”— Africa ๐Ÿ”— Poetry ๐Ÿ”— Women's History ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— United States/Massachusetts ๐Ÿ”— African diaspora ๐Ÿ”— United States History ๐Ÿ”— United States/Massachusetts - Boston ๐Ÿ”— Africa/Gambia

Phillis Wheatley, also spelled Phyllis and Wheatly (c. 1753 โ€“ December 5, 1784) was the first African-American woman to publish a book of poetry. Born in West Africa, she was sold into slavery at the age of seven or eight and transported to North America. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent.

On a 1773 trip to London with her master's son, seeking publication of her work, she was aided in meeting prominent people who became patrons. The publication in London of her Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral on September 1, 1773, brought her fame both in England and the American colonies. Figures such as George Washington praised her work. A few years later, African-American poet Jupiter Hammon praised her work in a poem of his own.

Wheatley was emancipated (set free) by the Wheatleys shortly after the publication of her book. She married in about 1778. Two of her children died as infants. After her husband was imprisoned for debt in 1784, Wheatley fell into working poverty and died of illness. Her last infant son died soon after.

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๐Ÿ”— Anna Politkovskaya

๐Ÿ”— Biography ๐Ÿ”— Human rights ๐Ÿ”— Russia ๐Ÿ”— Russia/mass media in Russia ๐Ÿ”— Politics ๐Ÿ”— Guild of Copy Editors ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Biography/arts and entertainment ๐Ÿ”— Biography/politics and government ๐Ÿ”— Journalism ๐Ÿ”— Ukraine ๐Ÿ”— Russia/politics and law of Russia ๐Ÿ”— Russia/history of Russia

Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya (Russian: ะะฝะฝะฐ ะกั‚ะตะฟะฐะฝะพะฒะฝะฐ ะŸะพะปะธั‚ะบะพะฒัะบะฐั, IPA:ย [หˆanหษ™ sสฒtสฒษชหˆpanษ™vnษ™ pษ™lสฒษชtหˆkofskษ™jษ™]; Ukrainian: ะ“ะฐะฝะฝะฐ ะกั‚ะตะฟะฐะฝั–ะฒะฝะฐ ะŸะพะปั–ั‚ะบะพะฒััŒะบะฐ, IPA:ย [หˆษฆษ‘nหษ steหˆpษ‘nโฝสฒโพiuฬฏnษ polโฝสฒโพitหˆkษ”uฬฏsสฒkษ]; nรฉe Mazepa, ะœะฐะทะตะฟะฐ, IPA:ย [mษหˆzษ›pษ]; 30 August 1958 โ€“ 7 October 2006) was a Russian journalist, and human rights activist, who reported on political events in Russia, in particular, the Second Chechen War (1999โ€“2005).

It was her reporting from Chechnya that made Politkovskaya's national and international reputation. For seven years, she refused to give up reporting on the war despite numerous acts of intimidation and violence. Politkovskaya was arrested by Russian military forces in Chechnya and subjected to a mock execution. She was poisoned while flying from Moscow via Rostov-on-Don to help resolve the 2004 Beslan school hostage crisis, and had to turn back, requiring careful medical treatment in Moscow to restore her health.

Her post-1999 articles about conditions in Chechnya were turned into books several times; Russian readers' main access to her investigations and publications was through Novaya Gazeta, a Russian newspaper that featured critical investigative coverage of Russian political and social affairs. From 2000 onwards, she received numerous international awards for her work. In 2004, she published Putin's Russia, a personal account of Russia for a Western readership.

On 7 October 2006, she was murdered in the elevator of her block of apartments, an assassination that attracted international attention. In June 2014, five men were sentenced to prison for the murder, but it is still unclear who ordered or paid for the contract killing.

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๐Ÿ”— Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil

๐Ÿ”— Germany ๐Ÿ”— Books ๐Ÿ”— Politics ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Jewish history ๐Ÿ”— Israel

Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil is a 1963 book by political thinker Hannah Arendt. Arendt, a Jew who fled Germany during Adolf Hitler's rise to power, reported on the trial of Adolf Eichmann, one of the major organizers of the Holocaust, for The New Yorker. A revised and enlarged edition was published in 1964.

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๐Ÿ”— Agnรจs Varda

๐Ÿ”— Biography ๐Ÿ”— France ๐Ÿ”— Women writers ๐Ÿ”— Biography/Actors and Filmmakers ๐Ÿ”— Belgium ๐Ÿ”— Feminism ๐Ÿ”— Women artists

Agnรจs Varda (French:ย [aษฒษ›s vaสda]; born Arlette Varda; 30 May 1928 โ€“ 29 March 2019) was a Belgian-born French film director, screenwriter, photographer, and artist. Her pioneering work was central to the development of the widely influential French New Wave film movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Her films focused on achieving documentary realism, addressing women's issues, and other social commentary, with a distinctive experimental style.

Varda's work employed location shooting in an era when the limitations of sound technology made it easier and more common to film indoors, with constructed sets and painted backdrops of landscapes, rather than outdoors, on location. Her use of non-professional actors was also unconventional for 1950s French cinema. Varda's feature film debut was La Pointe Courte (1955), followed by Clรฉo from 5 to 7 (1962), one of her most notable narrative films, Vagabond (1985), and Kung Fu Master (1988). Varda was also known for her work as a documentarian with such works as Black Panthers (1968), The Gleaners and I (2000), The Beaches of Agnรจs (2008), Faces Places (2017), and her final film, Varda by Agnรจs (2019).

Director Martin Scorsese described Varda as "one of the Gods of Cinema". Among several other accolades, Varda received an Honorary Palme d'Or at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, becoming the first woman to win the award, a Golden Lion for Vagabond at the 1985 Venice Film Festival, an Academy Honorary Award, and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature for Faces Places, becoming the oldest person to be nominated for a competitive Oscar. In 2017, she became the first female director to win an honorary Oscar.

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