Topic: Philosophy/Aesthetics

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πŸ”— Retrofuturism

πŸ”— Architecture πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Science Fiction πŸ”— Visual arts πŸ”— Popular Culture πŸ”— Fashion πŸ”— Sculpture

Retrofuturism (adjective retrofuturistic or retrofuture) is a movement in the creative arts showing the influence of depictions of the future produced in an earlier era. If futurism is sometimes called a "science" bent on anticipating what will come, retrofuturism is the remembering of that anticipation. Characterized by a blend of old-fashioned "retro styles" with futuristic technology, retrofuturism explores the themes of tension between past and future, and between the alienating and empowering effects of technology. Primarily reflected in artistic creations and modified technologies that realize the imagined artifacts of its parallel reality, retrofuturism can be seen as "an animating perspective on the world". However, it has also manifested in the worlds of fashion, architecture, design, music, literature, film, and video games.

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πŸ”— Zaum

πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Constructed languages

Zaum (Russian: Π·Π°ΜΡƒΠΌΡŒ, lit. 'transrational') are the linguistic experiments in sound symbolism and language creation of Russian Cubo-Futurist poets such as Velimir Khlebnikov and Aleksei Kruchenykh. Zaum is a non-referential phonetic entity with its own ontology. The language consists of neologisms that mean nothing. Zaum is a language organized through phonetic analogy and rhythm. Zaum literature cannot contain any onomatopoeia or psychopathological states.

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  • "Zaum" | 2023-08-18 | 160 Upvotes 46 Comments

πŸ”— A Mathematician’s Apology

πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Philosophy/Philosophical literature

A Mathematician's Apology is a 1940 essay by British mathematician G. H. Hardy. It concerns the aesthetics of mathematics with some personal content, and gives the layman an insight into the mind of a working mathematician.

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πŸ”— Wabi-sabi

πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Japan πŸ”— Japan/Culture

In traditional Japanese aesthetics, wabi-sabi (δΎ˜ε―‚) is a world view centered on the acceptance of transience and imperfection. The aesthetic is sometimes described as one of beauty that is "imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete". It is a concept derived from the Buddhist teaching of the three marks of existence (三法印, sanbōin), specifically impermanence (η„‘εΈΈ, mujō), suffering (苦, ku) and emptiness or absence of self-nature (η©Ί, kΕ«).

Characteristics of the wabi-sabi aesthetic include asymmetry, roughness, simplicity, economy, austerity, modesty, intimacy, and appreciation of the ingenuous integrity of natural objects and processes.

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πŸ”— Essentially contested concept

πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Philosophy/Social and political philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Philosophy of religion

In a paper delivered to the Aristotelian Society on 12 March 1956, Walter Bryce Gallie (1912–1998) introduced the term essentially contested concept to facilitate an understanding of the different applications or interpretations of the sorts of abstract, qualitative, and evaluative notionsβ€”such as "art", "philanthropy" and "social justice"β€”used in the domains of aesthetics, development, political philosophy, philosophy of history, and philosophy of religion.

Garver (1978) describes their use as follows:

The term essentially contested concepts gives a name to a problematic situation that many people recognize: that in certain kinds of talk there is a variety of meanings employed for key terms in an argument, and there is a feeling that dogmatism ("My answer is right and all others are wrong"), skepticism ("All answers are equally true (or false); everyone has a right to his own truth"), and eclecticism ("Each meaning gives a partial view so the more meanings the better") are none of them the appropriate attitude towards that variety of meanings.

Essentially contested concepts involve widespread agreement on a concept (e.g., "fairness"), but not on the best realization thereof. They are "concepts the proper use of which inevitably involves endless disputes about their proper uses on the part of their users", and these disputes "cannot be settled by appeal to empirical evidence, linguistic usage, or the canons of logic alone".

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πŸ”— Japanese Aesthetics

πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics πŸ”— Japan πŸ”— Japan/Culture

Japanese aesthetics comprise a set of ancient ideals that include wabi (transient and stark beauty), sabi (the beauty of natural patina and aging), and yΕ«gen (profound grace and subtlety). These ideals, and others, underpin much of Japanese cultural and aesthetic norms on what is considered tasteful or beautiful. Thus, while seen as a philosophy in Western societies, the concept of aesthetics in Japan is seen as an integral part of daily life. Japanese aesthetics now encompass a variety of ideals; some of these are traditional while others are modern and sometimes influenced by other cultures.

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