Topic: Japan/Culture

You are looking at all articles with the topic "Japan/Culture". We found 12 matches.

Hint: To view all topics, click here. Too see the most popular topics, click here instead.

๐Ÿ”— Thousand Character Classic

๐Ÿ”— Korea ๐Ÿ”— China ๐Ÿ”— East Asia ๐Ÿ”— Writing systems ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/History ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Korea/one or more inactive working groups ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Education

The Thousand Character Classic (Chinese: ๅƒๅญ—ๆ–‡; pinyin: Qiฤnzรฌ Wรฉn), also known as the Thousand Character Text, is a Chinese poem that has been used as a primer for teaching Chinese characters to children from the sixth century onward. It contains exactly one thousand characters, each used only once, arranged into 250 lines of four characters apiece and grouped into four line rhyming stanzas to make it easy to memorize. It is sung, much as children learning the Latin alphabet sing an "alphabet song." Along with the Three Character Classic and the Hundred Family Surnames, it has formed the basis of literacy training in traditional China.

The first line is Tian di xuan huang (traditional Chinese: ๅคฉๅœฐ็Ž„้ปƒ; simplified Chinese: ๅคฉๅœฐ็Ž„้ป„; pinyin: Tiฤndรฌ xuรกn huรกng; Jyutping: tin1 dei6 jyun4 wong4; lit. 'Heaven and Earth Dark and Yellow') and the last line, Yan zai hu ye (็„‰ๅ“‰ไนŽไนŸ; Yฤn zฤi hลซ yฤ›; yin1 zoi1 fu4 jaa5) explains the use of the grammatical particles "yan", "zai", "hu", and "ye".

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Wabi-sabi

๐Ÿ”— Philosophy ๐Ÿ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture

In traditional Japanese aesthetics, wabi-sabi (ไพ˜ๅฏ‚) is a world view centered on the acceptance of transience and imperfection. The aesthetic is sometimes described as one of beauty that is "imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete". It is a concept derived from the Buddhist teaching of the three marks of existence (ไธ‰ๆณ•ๅฐ, sanbลin), specifically impermanence (็„กๅธธ, mujล), suffering (่‹ฆ, ku) and emptiness or absence of self-nature (็ฉบ, kลซ).

Characteristics of the wabi-sabi aesthetic include asymmetry, roughness, simplicity, economy, austerity, modesty, intimacy, and appreciation of the ingenuous integrity of natural objects and processes.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Shibori

๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Textile Arts

Shibori (ใ—ใผใ‚Š / ็ตžใ‚Š) is a Japanese manual resist dyeing technique, which produces a number of different patterns on fabric.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Kintsugi

๐Ÿ”— Visual arts ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Collections Care

Kintsugi (้‡‘็ถ™ใŽ, "golden joinery"), also known as kintsukuroi (้‡‘็น•ใ„, "golden repair"), is the Japanese art of repairing broken pottery by mending the areas of breakage with lacquer dusted or mixed with powdered gold, silver, or platinum, a method similar to the maki-e technique. As a philosophy, it treats breakage and repair as part of the history of an object, rather than something to disguise.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Types of Prostitution in Modern Japan

๐Ÿ”— Sexology and sexuality ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/History ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Law and government ๐Ÿ”— Gender Studies ๐Ÿ”— Sexology and sexuality/Sex work

Prostitution in modern Japan, as defined under Japanese law, is the illegal practice of sexual intercourse with an 'unspecified' (unacquainted) person in exchange for monetary compensation, which was criminalised in 1956 by the introduction of article 3 of the Anti-Prostitution Law (ๅฃฒๆ˜ฅ้˜ฒๆญขๆณ•, Baishun bลshi hล). However, the definition of prostitution made illegal under this law is strictly limited to sexual intercourse with an 'unspecified person', and does not criminalise the sale of numerous other acts performed by sex workers in exchange for compensation, such as oral sex, anal sex, mammary intercourse, and other non-coital sex acts; the Businesses Affecting Public Morals Regulation Law of 1948 (้ขจไฟ—ๅ–ถๆฅญๅ–็ท ๆณ•, Fลซzoku eigyล torishimari hล), also known as the "Law to Regulate Adult Entertainment Businesses", amended in 1985, 1999 and 2005, regulates these businesses, making only one definition of prostitution in Japan illegal.

Following the criminalisation of payment for sexual intercourse, the sex industry in Japan has developed into a number of varied businesses and offering services not prohibited under Japanese law. These fall into a number of categories known by various euphemistic names, such as soaplands, fashion health shops, and pink salons, with the term "health" commonly being a euphemism for sexual services. These businesses typically operate out of physical premises, either with their own employees or freelancers such as call girls, who may operate via Internet dating sites known as deai sites (Internet dating sites) or via delivery health services.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Karลshi, death by overwork

๐Ÿ”— Medicine ๐Ÿ”— Death ๐Ÿ”— Health and fitness ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Medicine/Society and Medicine ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Science and technology

Karoshi (้ŽๅŠดๆญป, Karลshi), which can be translated literally as "overwork death" in Japanese, is occupational sudden mortality. The major medical causes of karoshi deaths are heart attack and stroke due to stress and a starvation diet. This phenomenon is also widespread in other parts of Asia.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Hitsuzendล

๐Ÿ”— Buddhism ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Religion

Hitsuzendล (็ญ†็ฆ…้“, "way of Zen through brush") is believed by Zen Buddhists to be a method of achieving samฤdhi (Japanese: ไธ‰ๆ˜ง sanmai), which is a unification with the highest reality. Hitsuzendo refers specifically to a school of Japanese Zen calligraphy to which the rating system of modern calligraphy (well-proportioned and pleasing to the eye) is foreign. Instead, the calligraphy of Hitsuzendo must breathe with the vitality of eternal experience.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Mono No Aware

๐Ÿ”— Culture ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture

Mono no aware (็‰ฉใฎๅ“€ใ‚Œ), literally "the pathos of things", and also translated as "an empathy toward things", or "a sensitivity to ephemera", is a Japanese idiom for the awareness of impermanence (็„กๅธธ, mujล), or transience of things, and both a transient gentle sadness (or wistfulness) at their passing as well as a longer, deeper gentle sadness about this state being the reality of life.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Japanese Aesthetics

๐Ÿ”— Philosophy ๐Ÿ”— Philosophy/Aesthetics ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture

Japanese aesthetics comprise a set of ancient ideals that include wabi (transient and stark beauty), sabi (the beauty of natural patina and aging), and yลซgen (profound grace and subtlety). These ideals, and others, underpin much of Japanese cultural and aesthetic norms on what is considered tasteful or beautiful. Thus, while seen as a philosophy in Western societies, the concept of aesthetics in Japan is seen as an integral part of daily life. Japanese aesthetics now encompass a variety of ideals; some of these are traditional while others are modern and sometimes influenced by other cultures.

Discussed on

๐Ÿ”— Feminism in Japan

๐Ÿ”— Women ๐Ÿ”— Women's History ๐Ÿ”— Japan ๐Ÿ”— Japan/History ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Culture ๐Ÿ”— Japan/Law and government ๐Ÿ”— Feminism

Feminism in Japan began with women's rights movements that date back to antiquity. The movement started to gain momentum after Western thinking was brought into Japan during the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Japanese feminism differs from Western feminism in that less emphasis is placed on individual autonomy.

Prior to the late 19th century, Japanese women were bound by the traditional patriarchal system where senior male members of the family maintain their authority in the household. After the reforms brought by Meiji Restoration, women's status in Japanese society also went through series of changes. Trafficking of women was restricted, women were allowed to request divorces, and both boys and girls were required to receive elementary education. Further changes to women's status came about in the aftermath of World War II. Women received the right to vote, and a section of the new constitution drafted in 1946 was dedicated to guarantee gender equality.

In 1970, in the wake of the antiโ€“Vietnam War movements, a new women's liberation movement called ลซman ribu (woman lib) emerged in Japan from the New Left and radical student movements in the late 1960s. This movement was in sync with radical feminist movements in the United States and elsewhere, catalyzing a resurgence of feminist activism through the 1970s and beyond. The activists forwarded a comprehensive critique of the male-dominated nature of modern Japan, arguing for a fundamental change of the political-economic system and culture of the society. What distinguished them from previous feminist movements was their emphasis on sexual liberation (ๆ€งใฎ่งฃๆ”พ, sei no kaihล). They did not aim for equality with men, but rather focused on calling for men's liberation from the oppressive aspects of a patriarchal and capitalist system.

In 1979, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. The Japanese government ratified it in 1985.

Discussed on