Topic: Typography

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๐Ÿ”— FE-Schrift

๐Ÿ”— Germany ๐Ÿ”— Law Enforcement ๐Ÿ”— Typography

The FE-Schrift or Fรคlschungserschwerende Schrift (forgery-impeding typeface) is a sans serif typeface introduced for use on licence plates. Its monospaced letters and numbers are slightly disproportionate to prevent easy modification and to improve machine readability. It has been developed in Germany where it has been mandatory since November 2000.

The abbreviation "FE" is derived from the compound German adjective "fรคlschungserschwerend" combining the noun "Fรคlschung" (falsification) and the verb "erschweren" (to hinder). "Schrift" means font in German. Other countries have later introduced the same or a derived typeface for license plates taking advantage of the proven design for the FE-Schrift.

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๐Ÿ”— Long S

๐Ÿ”— Writing systems ๐Ÿ”— Typography

The long s (ลฟ) is an archaic form of the lower case letter s. It replaced the single s, or the first s in a double s (e.g. "ลฟinfulneลฟs" for "sinfulness" and "ลฟucceลฟs" for "success"). The long s is the basis of the first half of the grapheme or the German alphabet ligature letter รŸ, which is known as the Eszett. The modern letterform is known as the short, terminal, or round s.

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๐Ÿ”— Ink trap

๐Ÿ”— Typography

An ink trap is a feature of certain typefaces designed for printing in small sizes. At an ink trap, the corners or details are removed from the letterforms. When the type is printed, ink naturally spreads into the removed area. Without ink traps, the excess ink would soak outwards and ruin the crisp edge.

Ink traps are only needed for small point sizes and are usually only found on typefaces designed for printing on newsprint. Fonts of this kind are applicable for classifieds or telephone books. Typefaces with ink traps may be offered in versions without them for display on screen or at larger sizes.

Typefaces featuring ink traps include Retina, Bell Centennial, and Tang.

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๐Ÿ”— Pangram

๐Ÿ”— Typography

A pangram or holoalphabetic sentence is a sentence using every letter of a given alphabet at least once. Pangrams have been used to display typefaces, test equipment, and develop skills in handwriting, calligraphy, and keyboarding.

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๐Ÿ”— Etaoin shrdlu

๐Ÿ”— Typography ๐Ÿ”— Primates

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๐Ÿ”— Chorded keyboard

๐Ÿ”— Computing ๐Ÿ”— Computing/Computer hardware ๐Ÿ”— Occupational Safety and Health ๐Ÿ”— Typography

A keyset or chorded keyboard (also called a chorded keyset, chord keyboard or chording keyboard) is a computer input device that allows the user to enter characters or commands formed by pressing several keys together, like playing a "chord" on a piano. The large number of combinations available from a small number of keys allows text or commands to be entered with one hand, leaving the other hand free. A secondary advantage is that it can be built into a device (such as a pocket-sized computer or a bicycle handlebar) that is too small to contain a normal-sized keyboard.

A chorded keyboard minus the board, typically designed to be used while held in the hand, is called a keyer. Douglas Engelbart introduced the chorded keyset as a computer interface in 1968 at what is often called "The Mother of All Demos".

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๐Ÿ”— โ€ซโ€ฌโ€โ€ฎtxet lanoitcerid-iB

๐Ÿ”— Computing ๐Ÿ”— Computing/Software ๐Ÿ”— Writing systems ๐Ÿ”— Typography

A bidirectional text contains both text directionalities, right-to-left (RTL or dextrosinistral) and left-to-right (LTR or sinistrodextral). It generally involves text containing different types of alphabets, but may also refer to boustrophedon, which is changing text direction in each row.

Some writing systems including the Arabic and Hebrew scripts or derived systems such as the Persian, Urdu, and Yiddish scripts, are written in a form known as right-to-left (RTL), in which writing begins at the right-hand side of a page and concludes at the left-hand side. This is different from the left-to-right (LTR) direction used by the dominant Latin script. When LTR text is mixed with RTL in the same paragraph, each type of text is written in its own direction, which is known as bidirectional text. This can get rather complex when multiple levels of quotation are used.

Many computer programs fail to display bidirectional text correctly. For example, the Hebrew name Sarah (ืฉืจื”) is spelled: sin (ืฉ) (which appears rightmost), then resh (ืจ), and finally heh (ื”) (which should appear leftmost).

Note: Some web browsers may display the Hebrew text in this article in the opposite direction.

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๐Ÿ”— Tiresias (Typeface) for Impaired Vision

๐Ÿ”— Typography

Tiresias is a family of TrueType sans-serif typefaces that were designed with the aim of legibility by people with impaired vision at the Scientific Research Unit of Royal National Institute of Blind People in London. The font was originally designed for the RNIB by Chris Sharville of Laker Sharville Design Associates who was working with John Gill at the time.

The family includes

  • Tiresias Infofont โ€“ for information labels, optimized for maximum legibility at a distance of 30โ€“100ย cm.
  • Tiresias Keyfont โ€“ for labeling the tops of keys of keyboards, PIN pads, appliances, remote controls (features exaggerated punctuation marks, no descender on the J)
  • Tiresias LPfont โ€“ for large-print publications. A wedge-serif design.
  • Tiresias PCfont โ€“ for raster displays
  • Tiresias Screenfont โ€“ for television subtitling and on-screen user interfaces
  • Tiresias Signfont โ€“ a more open spacing for use on signs

In late 2007, all Tiresias fonts except Tiresias Screenfont were released under the GNU General Public License version 3 or any later version.

The Tiresias Screenfont was sold by Bitstream Inc., who in 2012 were acquired by Monotype Corporation. The acquiring company continues to market Tiresias on its websites.

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๐Ÿ”— Fleurons in Unicode

๐Ÿ”— Typography

A fleuron (;), also known as printers' flower, is a typographic element, or glyph, used either as a punctuation mark or as an ornament for typographic compositions. Fleurons are stylized forms of flowers or leaves; the term derives from the Old French: floron ("flower"). Robert Bringhurst in The Elements of Typographic Style calls the forms "horticultural dingbats". A commonly-encountered fleuron is the โฆ, the floral heart or hedera (ivy leaf). It is also known as an aldus leaf (after Italian Renaissance printer Aldus Manutius).

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๐Ÿ”— Printer's key

๐Ÿ”— Books ๐Ÿ”— Typography

The printerโ€™s key, also known as the number line, is a line of text printed on the copyright page (often the verso of the title page, especially in English-language publishing) of books, used to indicate the print run. Publishers began this convention about the middle of the 20th century.

An example follows:

This is how the printer's key will appear in the first print run of a book. Numbers are removed with subsequent printings, so if "1" is seen then the book is the first printing of that edition. If it is the second printing then the "1" is removed, meaning that the lowest number seen will be "2".

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