Topic: Philosophy/Medieval philosophy

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πŸ”— AbΕ« Rayhān BΔ«rΕ«nΔ« -- Medieval Islamic Scientist, quite a read...

πŸ”— Biography πŸ”— Religion πŸ”— Iran πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Biography/science and academia πŸ”— Astronomy πŸ”— History of Science πŸ”— Astrology πŸ”— Middle Ages πŸ”— Islam πŸ”— Middle Ages/History πŸ”— Central Asia πŸ”— Philosophy/Philosophers πŸ”— Anthropology πŸ”— Watches πŸ”— Philosophy/Medieval philosophy πŸ”— India

Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (973 – after 1050) was a Persian scholar and polymath. He was from Khwarazm – a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan.

Al-Biruni was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. He studied almost all fields of science and was compensated for his research and strenuous work. Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research and study to uncover certain findings. He lived during the Islamic Golden Age. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. He was conversant in Khwarezmian, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit, and also knew Greek, Hebrew and Syriac. He spent much of his life in Ghazni, then capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty, in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. In 1017 he travelled to the Indian subcontinent and authored a study of Indian culture Tārīkh al-Hind (History of India) after exploring the Hindu faith practiced in India. He was given the title "founder of Indology". He was an impartial writer on customs and creeds of various nations, and was given the title al-Ustadh ("The Master") for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India.

πŸ”— Philosophus Autodidactus

πŸ”— Novels πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Philosophical literature πŸ”— Books πŸ”— Philosophy/Medieval philosophy

αΈ€ayy ibn Yaqẓān (Arabic: حي Ψ¨Ω† ΩŠΩ‚ΨΈΨ§Ω†, lit. 'Alive son of Awake'; also known as Hai Eb'n Yockdan) is an Arabic philosophical novel and an allegorical tale written by Ibn Tufail (c. 1105 – 1185) in the early 12th century in Al-Andalus. Names by which the book is also known include the Latin: Philosophus Autodidactus ('The Self-Taught Philosopher'); and English: The Improvement of Human Reason: Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan. αΈ€ayy ibn Yaqẓān was named after an earlier Arabic philosophical romance of the same name, written by Avicenna during his imprisonment in the early 11th century, even though both tales had different stories. The novel greatly inspired Islamic philosophy as well as major Enlightenment thinkers. It is the third most translated text from Arabic, after the Quran and the One Thousand and One Nights.

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πŸ”— Nicole Oresme

πŸ”— Biography πŸ”— Mathematics πŸ”— Philosophy πŸ”— Philosophy/Social and political philosophy πŸ”— Biography/science and academia πŸ”— History of Science πŸ”— Middle Ages πŸ”— Middle Ages/History πŸ”— Philosophy/Philosophers πŸ”— Philosophy/Medieval philosophy

Nicole Oresme (French: [nikΙ”l ɔʁɛm]; c. 1320–1325 – 11 July 1382), also known as Nicolas Oresme, Nicholas Oresme, or Nicolas d'Oresme, was a French philosopher of the later Middle Ages. He wrote influential works on economics, mathematics, physics, astrology, astronomy, philosophy, and theology; was Bishop of Lisieux, a translator, a counselor of King Charles V of France, and one of the most original thinkers of 14th-century Europe.

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